Obtaining an emergency shelter can be an easy thing once you know your requirements.  There are 9 essential questions  to be asked to determine which one is appropriate for your needs.

Essential thing like how they work, what are their key features, as well as their true purpose. This article provides a brief overview the essential question that you need to ask yourself before purchasing a Disaster Shelter or making your home Disaster-proof.

What is the difference between a Disaster Shelter and Emergency Shelter?

The main difference between Disaster Shelter and Emergency Shelter is that the Disaster Shelter is readiness for a Disaster whereas an Emergency Shelter is shelter after a disaster occurs.

Most of the people in the world live their lives while in threat. Sometimes the threat is political and sometimes it is environmental.

Regardless having a safe-haven is important when the disaster strikes, be it natural, political, terrorism or war,  is important to stay protected.

There are a large number of options through a variety of suppliers and growing. The disasters emergency shelters industry is growing at a fast rate across the globe, especially after  the events that happened in the last few years.

There is a large community of people that care about protection and well-being and who are happy to share what they know with other people. What is found here has been compiled from the experience of those people, and what they think matters when building or purchasing a disaster shelter.

It is important to understand is that not all disaster shelters are not equal.  Most emergency shelters are designed and made for a specific purpose.  Other than the most elaborate disaster shelters most cannot all requirements.  In deciding the right type of “safety zone” or disaster shelter you firstly need to understand your requirements.

Why do you need a Disaster Shelter?

In deciding whether you need a separate disaster shelter, you need to work out why you want one and whether there is an alternative solution.  Here are some fundamental questions to ask yourself about the reason you want a disaster shelter.

  • Do I want to protect my family against a Tornado?
  • Would my home or emergency shelter be safe in a tsunami?
  • Do I want to be protect against a terrorist attack?
  • Do I need it for protection against a snow blizzard?
  • Is it for a firestorm or bush fire?
  • Is it to protect against a volcanic eruption?
  • Is it to be safe during an earthquake?
  • Do I want to protect myself and my family against a home invasion?
  • Does it need to be flood proof?
  • Does it need to be bomb proof?
  • Can it protect me against an atomic bomb and its radiation fall out?
  • Does it need to be resistant to a chemical attack?
  • Do I want to be found?
  • Do we want to incognito?
  • How long do I need to be inside the emergency shelter?
  • Is there a local community emergency shelter?
  • Is there a community emergency that I can access quickly?
  • Do I have sufficient funds to have my own private disaster shelter?
  • Do I want the shelter to be in a secret locations?
  • Is sufficient space for me to have a Disaster Shelter at home?
  • Should be the shelter be a hiding place in case of a civil riot?

Depending on your answers, it may influence your decision on whether you;

  1. Build you own personal Disaster Shelter
  2. Upgrade your home to be a safe-haven for you and your family
  3. Use the local community’s  safety emergency shelter

To help you understand the finer details about what is meant by a disaster shelter, a number of FAQ have been documented below.   It is intended for someone show is just starting the process of data collections.  By answering these questions, it is hoped it becomes that little bit clearer.

Does the Emergency Shelter have enough storage space?

Having a disaster shelter is not only about protecting people in the case of an emergency. It also is about storing water, food, first aid and other accessories that are needed in case of an emergency.

That is why one needs to make sure that the emergency shelter has enough storage space along with the space needed to receive all the family members.

Does the disaster shelter need to have its own air ventilation system?

On deciding whether you need to have you own air supply and/or it’s own air ventilation system with a chemical smoke air purifier you should consider is you live near;

  • Volcanic area
  • Lawless war  zone where chemical warfare may occur
  • Chemical factory
  • Nuclear Power Station
  • Chemical weapons depot
  • Forest, or bushland zone are where there are wildfires or bush fires;

Under these considerations, it would be wise to have one installed to avoid be suffocated by smoke or impacted by radiation in the air.

There are sophisticated ventilation systems with an advanced cleaning filtration and purifications system that give total protection.  These types of units are extremely expensive.

Does the emergency shelter need to have a heating system?

One of the main killers in disasters in hypothermia?   Major winter disaster commonly severely damage infrastructure, frequently the electricity network.  This is the primary source of heating for the vast majority of the public.

With the extreme storms and temperatures that have occurred over the last few winters it has caused ten of thousands of home to be without power for days on end. The result has been that many homes

It is now a common occurrence for people to found dead in the own homes through hypothermia directly because loss of heating.

Only those located in tropical regions don’t need a heating system. As far as the other shelters, a heating system is a must.

Does emergency shelter need to have its own power supply?

Having separate power supply can make a great difference when faced with natural or any other disaster.

Typically, most disaster shelters use diesel, gas or electricity powered generators. But recently some manufacturers offer more environmentally friendly solutions such as solar panels that produce electricity, which come with batteries that store the energy for use during the night.

You don’t necessary need much power, typically for lighting charging up the mobile phone and powering up the radio.

Even if you don’t decide to have a separate emergency shelter, you should have a small portable power source for own home.

Does it need to have some warning system or an alarm system?

In most cases, we hear about a storm, riot or emergency before it actually happens. When this happens we would be prepared and bunker into the safety zone disaster shelter.  Once inside, being made aware what is happening in the outside world is important to know when it safe to exit.   Having an external surveillance system along with intruder alarms an invaluable when placed in any of these conditions.  This extra security will give sense of inner protection as you can be appropriated prepared.

A storm warning system would be useful.  This type of system are now very affordable and available in most electrical appliance stores.

The downside is that it adds to the overall price of the emergency shelter and increases its total cost.

Is it portable or does it need to be portable?

Portability is another feature for disaster shelters by many people may require. The main reason being that they want to keep their shelter hidden and prefer to be able to move whenever and wherever they want them.   For example, you may want to quickly move away from the potential disaster zones so you need to have a temporary emergency accommodation.

This may be a simple as a tent.  In some cases, tents will some supplies is all that is needed.  Other options may be it need to be towed by a small truck or car.   Some may need to be able to be moved by air.

We often think the a Disaster Shelter or Emergency Shelter needs to be a fixed permanent structure.  This is not case depending on the situation.

Consideration needs to be made you want to have portability for the Disaster Shelter.

What should be included in the Disaster Shelter or Emergency Shelter?

Every disaster shelter and emergency shelter should have a range of supplies to support your through the emergency period.

The main items that you should have include

For further details read the Simplified guide on Emergency Supply Kits

Can the Disaster Shelter be easily spotted from afar or by air?

Some emergency shelters are made to be easily spotted while others come camouflaged to blend in the surrounding environment. The latter are camouflaged because their owners are concerned that in case of riots, war or other similar outbreak they will become a prime target for looters and thieves.

On the other hand some people want their shelters want to be easily seen by rescuers in case of some natural or other disaster.

Should I or should I not get Disaster Shelter or improve my home to be Disaster Proof?

After you reviewing your requirements and assessing your environment, there may be only a limited number of options for you with respect to having a Disaster Shelter.  For example, if you are city dweller, you more than likely have no space for an external disaster shelter.  In this circumstance, you may want improve some of your home in readiness of disaster or the other option is use a community.

Should you have the option of Disaster Shelter or Make your home Disaster Proof, I would suggest you do a financial comparison between upgrading your home versus a building a separate Disaster Shelter

How to obtain an emergency shelter?

There are several ways to obtain an emergency shelter.

  1. Through the Emergency Shelter Program which is backed and run by the US government.
  2. Private purchase of a Disaster Shelter.
  3. Obtain an emergency solutions grant (ESG) program.

There are growing number suppliers both disaster and emergency shelters available on the market. They can be easily found on the web. All it takes is typing “emergency shelter” or “disaster shelters”. If you are inclined to build your own, you can get great number of free plans from the web. Just type ”

If you are inclined to build your own, you can get great number of free plans from the web. Just type “Disaster Shelters DIY”  and select one.

Hope this article has provide you with some insights and tips when considering the type of Disaster Shelter or Emergency Shelter.